How to Diagnose Laptop Problems and How to Fix Them
To many people, their laptop is their most essential device, and it is as precious to them as their child. This is why many people are very particular about their devices, wanting to ensure that they continue to work for them every day.
However, there will be times when our laptop will be faulty without any prior indication. This may be as a result of software issues or hardware problems which may turn your laptop useless to you.
The first thing that always comes to our mind when this happens is to quickly take our laptop to a repair shop or professional who can help us fix the laptop quickly . Such action is sometimes the best approach, and sometimes it is just something you can quickly fix in the corner of your room, or rather your working table, or at least detect the course of the laptop problem.
Anytime you have an issue with your laptop, the first approach to it is to diagnose the problem and the cause, and then reason whether it’s something you can fix up yourself.
Common Laptop Problems and How to fix Them
In this article, we are going to take a look at some of the common problems that affect laptops and the reasons behind those problems.
At the end, we proffer a solution to each problem, and you become a master of your own laptop in terms of repair. Kindly follow this with full mind as you read the following:
What to Do When the Battery Is Slowly Charging
This is said to be one of the common problems with laptops, and in most cases, the battery is usually at fault. In a case like this, there is a way you can find out the real cause of the problem. In the first instance, you can detach the battery from the laptop and plug the charger straight into the laptop to know if the battery itself has gone bad.
You should, therefore, note that if the laptop switches on and works perfectly, then it is the laptop battery that is at fault. So in this kind of case, you’d have to get a new working battery that suits your laptop.
On the other hand, if the system is not on when connected with the charger and the battery is detached, then the charger is at fault. You can actually make use of another wall socket in order to be very sure. If this is tried and the laptop still remains off, then you’d have to get a new working charger that suits your specific laptop.
In the same vein, if the battery is getting drained more quickly than normal, the next approach is to check whether there is some software running in the background. This can be checked by going straight to Windows, clicking on settings and then to system. Click on “battery saver” mode and select “battery use”.
If you detect some software that shouldn’t be there or you don’t want them to be running in the background, you can simply click on them, turn off the “allow this app to run in the background” and that’s all.
What to Do If Your Keyboard Isn’t Working
Generally, your laptop’s keys take a beating each and every moment you work on it. So, it is expected to be among the first parts to get faulty. If you are lucky enough, just a few of your laptop’s keys might stop functioning, but in most cases, the entire keyboard does get faulty at once.
If you experience a keyboard fault in your laptop, especially if it’s just some keys, endeavor to have patience in order not to spend unnecessary money buying a new keyboard. This might be as a result of an obstruction on your laptop. For a novice, carefully turn your laptop upside down and simply shake to note whether it aids in dislodging any dust or dirt that may be obstructing the keyboard clip. Though this may feel or sound odd, it is a great trick.
However, if the problem is applicable to all the keys, then the keyboard drivers are the first thing you should check for whether they are at fault or not. How can you go about this? This can be done by going straight to the “device manager”.
If you notice a yellow exclamation icon very next to the keyboard icon, then you’re required to re-download the drivers. Simply go to your laptop manufacturer’s download page and search for the drivers that suit your keyboard.
This may probably help to fix the problem. However, if the problem persists after updating the drivers, then introduce or make use of a USB powered keyboard because there may be a loose connection between the motherboard and the keyboard unit.
This is, however, unlikely. You will have to open the laptop chassis in order to get access to all the internal parts. You can simply check the keyboard ribbon cable to see whether it’s connected or not. It is advisable that you attempt this action if your laptop is old and out of warranty. But if not, you can simply take it to an expert in the field of computer engineering.
After all the things are done, you might have to replace the keyboard. Meanwhile, it is actually not that difficult, as it sounds. Just a little research is needed to be done if you want to open your laptop.
You can type or watch YouTube videos to see how you can go about opening your laptop. Once you are able to get to where the keyboard is, be sure you pull it out carefully in order not to cause any damage to the internal parts of the laptop. After this is done, place the keyboard where it should be connected to the keyboard ribbon cable normally.
What to do When you encounter the Blue Screen of Death (BSOD)
This is said to be the most feared problem on Windows laptops. This error can be caused by various things. They can actually be related to hardware and software issues sometimes. Sometimes you can find it easy to restart the laptop. Why is the case different sometimes?
Simply check for malware or rather corrupted drivers. If you can easily boot back into Windows, make a quick run for the viruses by using Windows Defender or you can make use of any antivirus software you have on your system. Do not forget to do the update before running the scan. This is quite rare to be the problem, but you can at least be sure.
You can also use another measure by checking the fault drivers and updating them. This can be done by going straight to the Device Manager as earlier explained in the issue of the keyboard. So, if you see a yellow exclamation next to any piece of hardware, you can easily update the driver by right-clicking it and choosing “update driver software.
“Many a time, the problem you’re facing might be occurring due to a new update. Meanwhile, if you’re very sure that it is the driver causing such issues, you can simply roll back such update to the prior version.
What you Should do When a Laptop is Overheating
Overheating of the graphics chip or processor can result in a laptop crash. You can actually discover it through the heat produced by the laptop around the vents. For you to be very sure, you can download a program called Speed Fan. It is a monitoring tool, especially for windows in aspects of temperature. It will be easier for you to know and notice the temperature of the GPU and CPU on your laptop.
Also, in some cases, overheating could be as a result of improper functioning of the laptop fan or when the fan is totally turned off. If your laptop is still under warranty, you can take it to a service center near you. If you’re full of confidence, you can try to open the laptop carefully with the help of some guides available online. After opening, just brush away the dust carefully and reassemble the laptop.
What to Do When a Laptop Has Memory Issues
BSODs can actually be caused by some sort of hardware failure. The major component that can be faulty is the laptop RAM, which you can find out is in your laptop. Simply press the Windows key + R to execute a command. On this command key, you just type in’mdsched.exe’ and press ‘OK’. This will immediately pop-up a window that will check for the memory issues. This will make you either check the problem instantly or the next time you turn on your laptop, depending on preference.
The laptop will then launch the Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool to identify any RAM issues. If there is no error, it therefore means that the laptop RAM is fine. However, if some errors are detected and show up, then you need to get it replaced.
What You Should Do If Your Hard Drive Fails
If you actually detect that the RAM is working well, the next part you can simply check is the hard drive. This can be done by going into the file explorer. Simply right-click on the drive you want to inspect and select ‘properties.’ In the window again, go straight to the ‘tools’ option and click on ‘check’.
If the RAM is working perfectly well, the next component to check is the hard drive. You can do that by going into the File Explorer. Right-click on the drive you want to check, and go to ‘Properties’. In the window, go to the ‘Tools’ option and click on ‘Check’. If the hard drive is causing the problem, then you’ll find it here. You can also run SpeedFan to look for possible issues with the hard drive. If the hard drive has issues, then the best solution is to take it to the service center for replacement.
What to Do If Your Laptop Doesn’t Start
It can be difficult to diagnose a problem why the laptop refuses to turn on or the screen doesn’t turn on. There are different ways which you can use to find out what is exactly at fault. If, for instance, your laptop refuses to power at all, this could be caused by your laptop battery being totally drained or your charger.
In order to tackle this fault, just follow the simple steps earlier mentioned regarding battery troubleshooting.
What Should You do If Your Laptop’s Power is Turned on but Doesn’t Display
When you detect that your laptop status indicators turn on but the screen refuses to turn on, such a fault could be attached to the display. You can simply watch the hard drive indicators and observe whether the hard drive is active or not.
The hard drive could be trying to boot up Windows. But if you find that the indicators just stay on useless without any activity, you can try to press the “caps lock” key. Normally, your laptop’s indicator light should typically turn on and off if not hung. But if your laptop is locked up, then it’s probably some sort of hardware failure in that manner. It’s therefore advisable that you take the laptop to a service centre if you have this similar case.
What to do if Windows Starts Booting but Doesn’t Proceed
It happens sometimes when your Windows starts booting and stays in the process for a very long time. So if you’re encountering such a fault on your laptop, it could be as a result of a Windows corruption problem. What you should do next is to keep a Windows recovery disk available.
You can find a solution to the fault by booting into a USB drive or the recovery disc. Entering Safe Mode is another good way to see if Windows boots. You can do this by pressing the F8 or Shift+F8 keys immediately when Windows starts booting.
Just insert the “recovery disc” or “pen drive” into your laptop, then use it to boot your laptop. This can be done by entering the BIOS and changing the order of the Boot Disc. Most laptops enable you to access the BIOS by pressing the F2, F10, or Del keys. Immediately after you’re done with this, you will get the Windows recovery disc tool, and you should be able to either repair or reset your Windows installation.